Adhesions are scar tissue that forms between organs as part of healing following surgery, infection or an inflammatory process. They are mostly seen in the abdomen and pelvic region and can cause discomfort, obstruction of the bowel and chronic pain. Adhesions can be treated by cutting the scar tissue through a surgical procedure called adhesiolysis.
Laparoscopic adhesiolysis is performed under general anesthesia through small incisions and the use of a laparoscope. Your doctor injects a gas to expand the abdomen so that the organs are clearly visible. Then, the laparoscope, a small tube attached with a camera and light at one end, is inserted through an incision to locate the adhesions. With the help of surgical instruments inserted through the other incisions, the adhesions are cut or released to free the organs that were joined.
As with any surgery, laparoscopic adhesiolysis may be associated with certain risks and complications which include injury to the surrounding organs, infection or bleeding, and rarely, formation of fresh adhesions.