Appendicitis is a condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed and filled with pus. It is a medical emergency requiring immediate surgical removal of the appendix. If it is left untreated, there are chances the appendix will burst spreading the infectious material into the abdominal cavity (peritoneum).
Surgery is the standard treatment for appendicitis. Antibiotics are often given before surgery.
Your doctor will perform the surgery under general anesthesia. The surgical technique for removal of the inflamed appendix will depend on you and your surgeons’ preference and whether the appendix has ruptured.
The surgical technique includes:
Laparoscopic appendectomy: Your surgeon will make small incisions in the abdomen and insert a laparoscope and other tiny instruments through them. The laparoscope has a lighted camera, which will help your surgeon view the operation site on a large monitor. A gas will be pumped in to separate the abdominal walls from the other organs and allow better visibility. Your surgeon will then remove the appendix.
Laparoscopic surgery will allow you to recover faster with fewer scars. However, if the appendix has ruptured and infection has spread, you may have to undergo open appendectomy which will allow your surgeon to thoroughly cleanse the abdominal cavity of any infectious material.